Blood Sugar & Blood Hemoglobin – Old Wine, New Skins



  • Metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia caused by defective insulin secretion and/or action
  • results in long-term multi-organ complications.
  • can now be found in almost every population in the world and epidemiological evidence suggests that, without effective prevention and control programmes, its prevalence will likely continue to increase globally.


  • Polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss despite polyphagia
  • Blurred vision
  • Growth impairment
  • Increased susceptibility to infections

Classification of diabetes mellitus

  • Type 1 diabetes (ß-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency)
  1. Immune mediated
  2. Idiopathic
  • Type 2 diabetes

–insulin resistance with relative insulin deficiency

–secretory defect with insulin resistance

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Secondary diabetes

For more information, contact IGCLM